(iii) Resignations shall commence from the entry into force of this Agreement and shall be concluded within thirty days.  The Delhi Agreement on the Repatriation of War and Civilian Internees is a tripartite agreement between the above-mentioned states, signed on 28 August 1973. The agreement was signed by Kamal Hossain, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Government of Bangladesh, Sardar Swaran Singh, Minister of Foreign Affairs of India, and Aziz Ahmed, Minister of State for Defence and Foreign Affairs of the Government of Pakistan.    This Agreement is subject to ratification by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and shall enter into force from the date of exchange of instruments of ratification.  The agreement was the result of the two countries` determination to ”end the conflict and confrontation that have so far affected their relations.”  (ii) that the two countries are determined to settle their differences by peaceful means through bilateral negotiations or other peaceful means mutually agreed upon. Pending the final resolution of one of the problems between the two countries, neither side can unilaterally change the situation and both prevent the organization, support or encouragement of acts detrimental to the maintenance of peace and harmonious relations.   (ii) In Jammu and Kashmir, the Line of Control resulting from the ceasefire of 17 December 1971 is respected by both parties, without prejudice to the recognized position of both parties. Neither party should attempt to modify them unilaterally, regardless of reciprocal legal differences and interpretations. Both sides also undertake to refrain from threatening or using force in violation of this line.   In order to gradually restore and normalize relations between the two countries, it was agreed that: (i) the Indian and Pakistani armed forces will be withdrawn from their side of the international border.
 The Shimla or Shimla agreement is an important element of India-Pakistan relations. This is an important step in bilateral relations between the two neighbouring countries. It reports to the International Relations Department of the UPSC Mains GS 3 Syllabus. Simla Agreement on bilateral relations between India and Pakistan, signed by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and the President of Pakistan, for example, Mr Bhutto, in Simla on 2 July 1972. (iv) that they always respect each other`s national unity, territorial integrity, political independence and sovereign equality.  In this context, delegations from both countries will meet from time to time to develop the necessary modalities. (iii) that reconciliation, good-neighbourliness and lasting peace between them are a commitment of the two countries to peaceful coexistence, to respect each other`s territorial integrity and sovereignty and not to interfere in each other`s internal affairs, on the basis of equality and mutual benefit. That the fundamental issues and causes of conflict that have inshed the relations between the two countries over the past 25 years be resolved by peaceful means.  (iii) Trade and cooperation in economic and other fields shall be resumed to the extent possible.  The two governments agree that in the future, their respective Heads of State or Government will meet at an appropriate time for both sides and that, in the meantime, representatives of both sides will meet to determine the modalities and arrangements necessary for the establishment of lasting peace and the normalization of relations, including issues relating to the repatriation of prisoners of war and civilian internees, to continue the discussion.
a final settlement of Jammu and Kashmir and the resumption of diplomatic relations.  (v) refrain, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, from threatening or using force against the territorial integrity or political independence of the other. . . .