The most important elements of the draft agreement are: The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the Irish Backstop, is attached to the draft agreement of November 2018, which outlines provisions to prevent a hard border in Ireland after the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union. The protocol provided for a provision of the safety net to deal with the circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements were to come into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol that will be described as follows. It remains to be seen whether an agreement can be reached during the transition period, but the possibility of a ”non-deal” Brexit remains, with the countdown continuing until 31 December 2020. The Brexit withdrawal agreement – or the divorce agreement – sets out the details of the UK`s exit from the EU, which took place earlier this year. On 6 September 2020, the Financial Times reported that the UK government was considering drafting new laws to circumvent the protocol of the Northern Ireland Withdrawal Agreement.  The new law would give ministers the power to determine which state aid should be notified to the EU and to define which products at risk of being transferred from Northern Ireland to Ireland (the withdrawal agreement stipulates that in the absence of a reciprocal agreement, all products are considered vulnerable).  The government defended this approach and stated that the legislation was in accordance with protocol and that it had only ”clarified” the volumity in the protocol.  Ursula von der Leyen warned Johnson not to violate international law and said that the implementation of the withdrawal agreement by Britain was a ”precondition for any future partnership”.  On 8 September, the Minister of Foreign Affairs for Northern Ireland, Brandon Lewis, told the British Parliament that the government`s internal market bill would ”violate international law”.”  The agreement was revised as part of the Johnson Department renegotiation in 2019. The amendments fit about 5% of the text.
 On the European Union side, the European Parliament also approved the ratification of the agreement on 29 January 2020 and the Council of the European Union approved the conclusion of the agreement by e-mail on 30 January 2020.  That is why, on 30 January 2020, the European Union also tabled its instrument for ratification of the agreement, concluding the agreement and allowing it to enter into force on the date of the UK`s withdrawal from the EU on 31 January 2020, at 11 .m GMT. The 599-page retraction agreement covers the following key areas: Customer responsibility: The client provides the necessary documents in accordance with the agreement with REACHLaw.